Moreover, true repentance never exists except in conjunction with faith, while on the other hand, wherever there is true faith, there is also real repentance. The two are but different aspects of the same turning-a turning away from sin in the direction of God. The two cannot be separated; they are simply complementary parts of the same process. (Louis Berkhoff).
When looking at saving faith, we can not forget repentance as the both need to act together. Following on from yesterday and the need to submit to Jesus’ Lordship, we need to turn to Him in repentance.
Saving faith, then, is repentance (turning from sin and unbelief) and faith (trusting in Christ alone for salvation). They are really two sides of the same coin. John Calvin however wrote: Can true repentance exist without faith? By no means. But although they cannot be separated, they ought to be distinguished.
So today and tomorrow we will take a very quick overview of repentance. The words “repent,” “repentance,” and “repented” are mentioned over 100 times in the Bible. There has been a lot of misunderstanding and confusion over what the word repentance means.
You may be surprised to learn that the word “repentance” doesn’t mean sad, sorry or regretful, even though these adjectives appropriately describe the attitude we need to have in coming to repentance. In 2 Corinthians 7:10, Paul refers to a godly sorrow that produces genuine repentance and a “worldly” sorrow that does not produce the right result. The word “repent” itself literally means “to turn.” More than just turning away from sin, repentance requires that we turn toward God, that we do our best to live as He expects us to live. Consider what John the Baptist said to some who came to him for baptism: “Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance” (Matthew 3:8). Repentance is a condition of salvation. Repentance was preached in the New Testament over and over again. This is true of John the Baptist (Matthew 3:2), Jesus (Luke 13:3), Peter (Acts 2:38) and Paul Acts 26:20).
Repentance is the act were by a sinner turns from sin to God. The mind, the heart and the will are all involved.
There is an intellectual element, for the person need to see and acknowledge their sin (psalm 51:3, 7, 9). There is an emotional element, for the person needs to feel sorrow for their sin, not just in it’s consequences but because it has offended God (2 Corinthians 7:9-11). The is also the personal element of the will because the person needs to turn from sin and seek cleaning and pardon (Proverbs 28:13, Psalms 51:7, 10, 1 Thess 1:9).
Albert N. Martin: Repentance that is not joined to faith is a legalistic repentance. It terminates on yourself and on your sin. Likewise…professed faith that is not joined to repentance is a spurious faith, for true faith is faith in Christ to save me not in but from my sin. Repentance and faith are inseparable.